Geotextiles: Their Characteristics and Possible Applications

It is common practice to apply geo-textiles to the soil prior to construction of large infrastructure such as roads, dams, pipelines, and other similar large-scale projects. There is a wide variety of geotextile materials, each of which is optimized for a specific function such as separation, filtration, or protection.

1. Geo-textiles for the Purpose of Separation In order to keep the characteristics of two distinct types of soil intact during the separation process, geo-textiles play an important role. When water penetrates the soil layer, this particular variety of geo-textile is designed to stop the water from mingling with the soil, which is the primary objective of the geo-textile. Additionally, when constructing roads, it is beneficial to keep the fine sub-grade level soil separated from the coarser soil found lower down.

When geotextile types are used to improve soil properties, the design of the geotextile is based on a number of fundamental factors, such as its ability to withstand abrasion and load, amongst others. Geotextiles are also used for reinforcement. As a consequence of this, the soil is improved through its incorporation into the soil. In order to construct embankments and roads on extremely poorly graded soil, these types of textile materials are utilized. Reinforcement composites come in a wide variety of forms, including knitted reinforcement, braided reinforcement, woven reinforcement, and many others.

The Use of Geotextiles in Filtration Geotextiles have a significant impact on the filtration process. When it comes to earthworks in civil engineering, one of the most important functions that textiles can perform is filtration. Geo-textiles, depending on the permeability of the material, increase the lateral flow of drain water, which in turn develops the kinetic energy of groundwater. Additionally contributes to the resolution of drainage issues around the house or on the street.

Sealing geotextile types are typically made of a non-woven geo-textile fabric that has the ability to restrict fluid flow from both sides. Geo-textiles that are impermeable are often utilized in the process of preventing the contamination of groundwater or polluted soils with pollutants.

Geotextiles have a number of characteristics or properties, including the following:

Gravitational constant

The weight and the depth of it



Properties relating to mechanics:


Tensile strength



Strength of tears

The force that is exerted by friction

Hydraulic properties:


Availability to pass through



Soil retention




Hydrolytic degradation

Photo degradation

Chemical degradation

Mechanical degradation

Endurance Properties:


Abrasion resistance

Blocking the length and flow, among other things.

Uses for Geotextiles Include the Following:

It is common practice to employ geotextile application in a variety of infrastructure projects because of their ability to fortify naturally fragile soils and staunch the flow of erosion. As a direct consequence of this, previously unsuitable locations can now accommodate building and civil construction.

The following are some of the more prominent uses:

Roadways, parking lots, and construction sites that are either temporary or permanent.

River, canal, and coastal works all rolled into one.

filtration in addition to drainage

Space Between Us


The railroad works


Protection& erosion control

Structures consisting of retaining walls

Embankments etc.

Advantages to Employing the Use of Geotextiles

Property along the coast can be protected from sand waves and floods with the help of geotextiles. Instead of using traditional pipes, you could use geo textiles to reinforce the soil at a fraction of the cost.

The hominid footprints of Laetoli's fossils in Tanzania have been shielded from the rain and tree roots with the help of geotextiles.

Geotextiles are utilized in playgrounds and play areas, where they perform an essential function in drainage.

Because the fabric possesses a significant amount of mechanical strength, coir geotextiles are frequently used for corrosion control and biotechnology applications. The moisture content of the product is decreased so that it can better enrich the soil.

There is a significant amount of use for geo textiles as separators between the two layers of soil. In order to stop landslides in the mountains, geo textiles made of jute are used.

Companies in Bangladesh that are Engaged in the Production and Export of Geo-Textiles

In the same vein as other types of technical textiles, the geotextile types industry is not falling too far behind. There are a number of businesses based in Bangladesh that export geotextiles to a variety of countries around the world, including those in the following regions: North America, Eastern Europe, East Asia, Africa, South America, Southern Europe, South Asia, Central America, and Middle Eastern countries.

The following are some of the companies that supply geo textiles in Bangladesh:

BST Engineering & Galvanizing. M/s.

Combination of Knitting and Sewing.

extra power for Bangladesh. Xtra Power.

The Seconds Industries Limited Company

Rohani fabrics have a long history in Bangladesh.

Al Salam Fabrics (PVT.) Ltd.

The United Tex (BD) International Limited

DIRD Felt Ltd.

The B. J. Geo-Textile Limited Company

Demand and Market for Geotextiles Across the World:

Researchers anticipate that the market for geotextile application will expand by approximately 9% on a compound annual growth rate basis between the years 2015 and 2025. This growth is expected to be driven by the rapid expansion of industries such as construction and agriculture. Experts predict that  will constitute one percent of the total global market for technical textiles, which would equate to approximately 1.26 billion dollars. According to Grand View Research, the global market for geo textiles is anticipated to see a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of more than 11% in terms of revenue between the years 2020 and 2027.

The global market predicts that the size of the synthetic geotextile market will grow by 9.5% by 2024, and that the size of the non-woven geotextile market will grow by approximately 9.5% by 2024. In terms of revenue, industry analysts anticipate that woven geotextile application will see a CAGR of more than 11% between the years 2020 and 2026. In the meantime, it is anticipated that the market for  will expand at a rate of 10.2%, going from 5.7 billion in 2019 to 9.4 billion by the year 2022.

If Bangladesh's geo-textile companies can broaden their scope of operations and increase the number of skilled workers and researchers in their workforce, then the country's textile industry will benefit from an increase in export earnings thanks to the geo-textile industry.

Posted in Default Category on July 08 2022 at 01:53 PM

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